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Digitisation of Land Records: Bhoomi Project

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Bhoomi project is an attempt made by Karnataka State Government for Computerisation of Land Records. This project is sponsored jointly by Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India and State Government of Karnataka.

Under the Bhoomi E-Governance project all 20 million land records of 6.7 million land owners in 176 taluks of Karnataka have been computerised.This system works with the software called "BHOOMI" designed fully in-house by National Informatics Center, Bangalore.

Important Features of BHOOMI

  • This software provides for printing of land records as and when required.
  • It incorporates process of online updation to ensure that the RTCs provided to the farmers is in sync with the time.
  • All the mutations to the land records database are done on the computer itself so as to ensure that data on computer remain current with time.
  • It incorporates the state of the art bio-logon metrics system from Compaq, which authenticates various users on the Bhoomi software on the basis of fingerprints.This ensures that no body can hack the system by imitating other users.
  • This software also has the provision of scanning of original mutation orders of the revenue inspector (who is the authorised person to pass orders in the mutations in the field) and notices served on interested parties. Both documents are scanned to ensure that not only responsibility can be fixed on Officials by showing the original documents signed by them but also to ensure that the intestered particies do not claim in the court that they were not served with the notice before effecting the mutation.
  • The software enables the administrators to generate various reports based on type of soil, land holding size, type of crops grown etc. This information would enable administrators to take informed policy decision.

Components of Bhoomi

There are 3 main components in Bhoomi system -

  • The computer centre where mutation and updation are done in online fashion. It includes finger print authentication and scanning of important documents to ensure robust and secured system. Most of the components of the Computer Centre are funded under the Central Scheme.
  • Land Records kiosk from where the farmers can collect the copy of their record by paying Rs.15. They can also lodge request for mutation to their land records . the Kiosk is fully funded by State Government.
  • Touch Screen Kiosk where farmers can see their land related information without anybody's intervention or help.

Benifits of Bhoomi

  • Farmers
    • + Farmers can quickly get their land records from Kiosks and are protected from harassment and extortion.

           As against time delay of 3 to 30 days they now get their records in less than 2 minutes. No overhead cost is to be incurred. No application is required to be submitted at the kiosk. The records are authentic and legible. Use of biometrics authentication system for updation of records have freed farmers from the worry of probable manipulation of their records by some times some unscrupulous officials.

      + Reduction in processing time for mutation.

           Farmers can lodge application for mutation (change in land title) to their land records at the mutation kiosks, get acknowledgement for the same and can monitor the progress using touch screen kiosks available in some Bhoomi centers. They would then get their updated land record in a fixed time frame without the need of approaching any authority. As against earlier time of 70-200 days, mutation would now require less than 35 days.

      + Online tracking of mutation status.

           Farmers can also get the official status report of their request for mutation which would let them know the stage at which their request is pending. This status report would help them in enforcing their right of getting the record mutated in the prescribed time.

      + Easy access to Farm Credit.

           Online connectivity to banks would ensure farm credit to farmers in less than 5 days as against 25-30 days in manual system.

      + Ease in case of legal matters.

           It would be easier for the farmers to pursue land related litigation in the court.
  • Administrators
    • + Ease of maintenance and updation of land records documents.

           In manual system land records updation used to get delayed by as high as 1-2 years in some cases. Now it would always be in sync with time.

      + Quick and easy access to Land records.

           Support for development programs, based on valuable land records data like various crops grown in a village or a sub district, the fertilizers and pesticide requirement in a season etc to Departments like Agriculture, Industries and Planning. Such data in earlier system became available to departments only after 2-3 years. It is now available almost immediately.

      + Quick and easy access to Land records for analysis purpose.

           Support for development programs, based on valuable land records data like various crops grown in a village or a sub district, the fertilizers and pesticide requirement in a season etc to Departments like Agriculture, Industries and Planning. Such data in earlier system became available to departments only after 2-3 years. It is now available almost immediately.

      + Ease of monitoring Government Lands.

           Monitoring of Government lands and prevention of their encroachments. Lack of monitoring had costed a reported loss of Rs.25 billion to State Government by way of officials tampering with records.
  • Others
    • + For Financial Institutions, Online Farm credit related activities.

           Online connectivity to financial institutions would help banks in planning for their farm credit related activities. In manual system they worked on 2 years old data or just guessed the farm sector requirement.

      + Information availability for Private Sector.

           Private sector had complained of absence of crop and land data for their planning purpose. Bhoomi data would help supplier of various agricultural inputs like seeds, pesticide, fertilizers etc. to plan their activities. Details of irrigated lands and pattern of land holding could be used by private sector for more informed decision making. In manual system such data was just not available.

What People want to say about Bhoomi

  • I am District incharge Secretary of Tumkur. Recently I went to Gubbi and saw the working of the Bhumi Information Kiosk. People were enthusiastically collecting RTCs printed out by the computer. One of the persons standing in the queue was a Head Master of a High School. He wanted a copy of the RTC as he apprehended encroachment on the school land from a neighbour. He was apprehensive that the local V.A. may not part with copy of the RTC, while Information Kiosk would straight away give it to him. In fact he happily paid out the money from his own pocket for the printed copy, as he would not charge it to the school. This information is brought to your kind notice to indicate the improved accessibility in the information system and enhancing the right of the citizens.
    Secretary to Government
    Kannada and Culture Department
    For more information: Revenue Department- Govt. of Karnataka
  • The Times of India - August 30, 2004: Karnataka government's flagship e-governance project bhoomi is slowly emerging from under the shadow of achievements of IT majors like Infosys and Wipro. Karnataka now chairs a national committee for countrywide implementation of land records computerisation project. But far from allowing Karnataka to rest on its IT laurels, the UPA government has issued a fresh challenge: Better the system by enabling integration of other facilities such as GIS, digital maps and urban registration "Some people who have worked with the PM in earlier capacities as planning commission deputy chairman and finance minister have seen the working of Bhoomi and have given his feedback. So he is very keen to see it implementing across the Country," sources said.
  • For Critics on Bhoomi: Visit Flaws in Bhoomi